A line raster is arranged in the center of the test chart which produces frequencies of 0.5 to 10 MHz in the output of the TV camera. 0.5 MHz line pairs are also arranged at the center of the line raster immediately adjacent to the 5 MHz line pairs. Bar rasters are located in the corners of the test charts and produce frequencies of 0.5 and 5 MHz.
The frequency response of modulation depth and the uniformity of modulation depth can be established with the aid of line rasters. The signal amplitude of the 0.5 MHz rasters is the reference value.
Measuring equipment: Video oscilloscope or preferably video oscilloscope with memory.
Measurement conditions:The camera settings must be as follows:
Shading correction: ON
Aperture correction: OFF
Gamma correction: OFF
Contour correction: OFF
Color correction: OFF
Iris: F/5.6 for 2/3 “ CCD
F/4 for ½ “ CCD
The test chart is evenly illuminated so that for the low frequency burst at 0.5 MHz the amplitude of the video signal at the output of the correctly positioned and focused camera is 0% (0V) for the black bars and 100% (700mV/ 75 Ohms) for the white bars.
Care must be taken to avoid clipping of the signal to be measured at the black and white level. Measurements can be made on the various camera output signals, but preferably on the Y luminance signal (or coded Y with perfect B and W balance). The measurement is made at the center of the image but also on the edges and at the corners so that account is taken of the lateral chromatic aberration of the lens. The measurements give the contrast loss of the camera response at the value of 5 MHz. The obtained response is a contrast transfer function (CTF).
The relation to calculate the MTF according to the CTF is:
MTF (N) = π/4[CTF(N)+ 1/3 CTF(3N) - 1/5 CTF(5N)+ 1/7 CTF(7N) -1/9 CTF(9N) + 1/11 CTF(11N) ...]
where N is the spatial frequency of the test chart analyzed; N in TVL/H